The Chesapeake Colonies were the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, later the Commonwealth of Virginia, and Province of Maryland, later Maryland, both colonies located in British America and centered on the Chesapeake Bay.Settlements of the Chesapeake region grew slowly due to diseases such as malaria. Just as they settled, the differences formed. With the reorganization of the colony under Sir Edwin Sandys, liberal land policies led to … (Illustration courtesy of The Trustees of the British Museum under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license). In Delaware, the state has formally recognized two Native American tribes: Lenape Indian Tribe of Delaware, and Nanticoke Indian Association. Why did this difference in development occur? Question: Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely Although as many as 30 separate Algonquian-speaking tribes were in Eastern Virginia when the English arrived, it is unknown exactly how many paid tribute to Powhatan. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Paleo-Indians were the first inhabitants of the Chesapeake Bay region. Favorite Answer. An Indentured servant was someone who could not afford passage to America. 1993 DBQ Essay Near the Mattaponi River on the Mattaponi Reservation in Virginia, women and girls were photographed by the anthropologist Frank Speck in 1918. Lv 7. It was the scene of earliest interaction between the leader Powhatan and leaders of the English colonists from Jamestown including Captain John Smith. Archeologists recognize the Paleo-Indian culture by a stone tool called the Clovis point: an elongated, fluted spear head. They spent their days roaming the area’s coniferous forests, foraging for plants, hunting small mammals and fishing. Additional records show that many distinct tribes with their own leader lived around the Chesapeake Bay. Many were killed or died of disease, while others migrated away from the region. The Puritans, in an attempt to keep the non-Puritan people away, wanted to flee to an area that was unknown and uninviting which turned out to be the Massachusetts Bay Colony. These efforts were largely unsuccessful, and in 1934, the U.S. government passed the Indian Reorganization Act which aimed to reverse the goals of assimilation and to support American Indian tribes and celebrate their heritage. Oral tradition was a critical part of preserving cultural knowledge, meaning the stories of some tribes are known only through the artifacts and archaeological sites they left behind. The term "Powhatan Indians" is used by some to describe the tribes who were thought to have paid tribute to Powhatan, the most influential leader in present day eastern Virginia. The Puritans that thought the Anglican Church was too slow broke away from it, causing their name to now be Separatists, and founded Plymouth, Winthrop primarily. Tension arouse between the natives and the settlers as the new colonist began establishing their town and had a scarce amount of food leading them to raid the Powhatan’s food … The differences between the colonists' goals, populous, and economy caused New England and the Chesapeake region to form completely separate societies. Colonists captured Powhatan's favorite daughter, Pocahontas, who soon married John Rolfe. One of most reliable resources on where Indigenous people lived in the Chesapeake Bay region is the John Smith 1612 map of the Chesapeake Bay. Here, they had access to massive oyster beds, herring, shad and striped bass spawning runs in the spring, an abundance of wild game, and freshwater marshes chock full of edible plants such as arrow arum, cattails and yellow pond lily. However, in New England, mostly families had colonized, therefore giving the settlers reason to work and civilize their surroundings (Document C). Connecticut was founded by energetic Puritans who wanted a more theocratic government, causing the creation of Blue Laws, which dictated colonies behavior (Doc E). The Separatists founded the Plymouth Colony. Eventually, the Woodland peoples began producing ceramic pottery used for cooking, transportation and food and water storage, domesticating animals and cultivating crops, and utilizing the bow and arrow to hunt big game. There are no federally recognized Indian tribes in Pennsylvania, although the most recent census reports an American Indian population of more than 12,000. While the majority of the Chesapeake colonists were not as cohesive due to the great distance from farms to these towns, New England had close-knit church events, meetings, and schools. Just a small percentage of these are documented. The one common link between New England and the Chesapeake was the treatment of the Indians. By 1,000 B.C. New England. The site is now permanently protected by the National Park Service and tribal governments are engaged in the planning stages to open the site to the public. As we preserve these lands, we must also preserve the history and heritage of Indigenous people. Both colonies battled difficult circumstances, including poor relationships with neighboring Indian tribes. The... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. In the middle colonies, we are respectful of them, and we have managed to keep it that way. In both New England and the Chesapeake, the English carried on wars of extinction against local Native American tribes, whether it was the Wampanoags in Metacom's war, or the Powhatans in the Anglo-Powhatan Wars. With melting ice, narrow river canyons widened and became a better means of transportation, which the Archaic Indians utilized through small boats. 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