feeding pregnant dog raw diet

The amount of food she consumes will increase but her nutrient requirements remain the same as a normal, healthy adult. However, the diet should switch back to a normal raw diet for adult dogs when the puppies have begun weaning onto solid food. By the sixth week, her stomach will have shrunk to accommodate her growing puppies, so owners should decrease serving sizes, but provide her with numerous smaller meals throughout the day. There are four modifications to the adult dog ratio guidelines to meet the essential nutrient recommendations during the third trimester and lactation. Calculating Energy Requirements. Ruminant livers provide a higher mineral density, specifically in copper, than poultry and pork liver which makes it ideal to use in a raw diet for a pregnant or lactating dog. As she will be lactating and nursing her puppies which is in and of itself another hard job, owners should not become complacent about providing their bitch with a proper diet after she has given birth. On average, a PMR and BARF diet for an adult dog calls for 5% liver. Offal (i.e. Modifications to traditional raw diets are necessary to provide a nutritionally adequate diet during the third trimester and lactation. The nutritional requirements for a pregnant female change at the start of the third trimester of gestation and lasts until the end of lactation. It’s based on 50% raw meaty bones and 50% home cooked food. These changes begin at the third trimester of gestation and do not end until the puppies are weaning onto solid food. No matter which method you’re considering, here are some important points to keep in mind. Diet adjustments are necessary for pregnant and lactating dogs. However, during the third trimester and lactation it is recommended to increase the liver ratio to 7%. If you are already feeding a proper raw diet, you can pretty much just continue feeding what you normally do right up to that last two weeks. The increase of iron is also directly related to the rapid development of the unborn puppies. Many owners of pregnant dogs think about implementing dietary changes as soon as their dogs are bred. Below are copper values for livers per 1oz (28g): Duck Liver Cautions Puppy feeding plan 0–3 weeks: Mother’s milk 3–4 weeks: Start on soft foods such as egg yolks, lightly cooked chicken, mashed-up vegetables. This concentration of vitamin A is higher than most liver options and it is ideal to rotate other liver proteins if duck or goose liver is used in the diet. However it is recommended to add a small amount of cooked starches during the third trimester which will provide glucose for energy. When considering dog food that meets the nutritional requirements of the mother dog, some options are to feed your dog puppy food. All dogs need a complete and balanced diet, especially pregnant dogs. Even before a female dog conceives, owners are able to increase the likelihood of this occurring through carefully controlling and regulating her diet. The First Half of Pregnancy. Many breeders recommend starting calcium after the first puppy is born. Day 1: Feed 75% of your current (old) food and mix in 25% of the raw food in each serving to start the adjustment period for clean digestion. The Nutritional Research Council (NRC) has identified Recommended Allowances for essential nutrients for late gestation and peak lactation. The primary role of protein is to supply amino acids for muscle and organ protein synthesis, the creation of enzymes, the creation of hormones, and energy. ProDog Raw has significant experience in providing pregnant dogs with optimal feeding plans and offers a broad range of appropriate raw products including main meal items, supplements, and treats. Feeding an all life stage puppy food such as Purina® Puppy Chow® brand puppy food is best The food should have 1600 kcal digestible energy per pound of food and at least 22 percent protein. If you observe this, do not attempt to force her to eat. The need for vitamins and microminerals, specifically iron and copper, increases during the third trimester and lactation. 4. A sample diet for a pregnant or nursing dog: About 65-75% raw meaty bones, like chicken wings, oxtail, or rabbit. As far as quantities, you will probably want to increase them … Puppies begin to rapidly grow during the third trimester of pregnancy. It helps with nerve and immune function and is critical … But the popularity of the diets -- which emphasize raw meat, bones, fruits, and vegetables -- is rising. As pregnant bitches can be more prone to constipation during the later stages of pregnancy, it is obviously sensible to reduce the risk of a pregnant dog suffering any kind of digestive issues. Please enter your email address. The Nutritional Research Council (NRC) provides the following macronutrient recommendations for pregnant dogs during the third trimester of gestation and during lactation. You will receive mail with link to set new password. A typical dog pregnancy lasts 63 days. These essential nutrient levels are necessary for the mother dog to produce nutritionally adequate milk for her developing puppies. Certain supplements containing high levels of zinc and various vitamins can also support fertility rates, but we always recommend seeking veterinary advice before you start adding supplements in. Let them play with... 6 weeks: Introduce chicken wings and more adult food but not too much bone. I actually do not change what I feed my bitches before they get pregnant except for giving them more as they need it during the pregnancy its self. Feeding a pregnant or lactating female dog a raw diet is slightly different than the traditional raw feeding guidelines for healthy, 1 IU is the biological equivalent of 0.3 micrograms (mcg) retinol, The amount of bone in the diet can vary and it is best to follow the consistency of the mother dog’s, Bone and Calcium Content in Raw Meaty Bones (RMB). The Second Half of Pregnancy. The macronutrients are listed per 1000kcal consumed: Proteins are large complex molecules composed of amino acids and are the main structural component of body tissue. Can I feed my pregnant or lactating dog raw food? ), is also known to support its body part that it originates from. Lost your password? While much of this need not be overly complicated, it is nevertheless crucial, and should not be overlooked. Below are starch values for some different produce options per 1oz (28g): Starch: 1oz (28g) = 2.0g Puppy food, which is easily digestible, is richer in the major nutrients and provides more energy than adult formula food. The liver ratio in the diet should increase to support the essential nutrient requirements during this time. Required fields are marked *. Raw feeding is exactly what it sounds like – feeding your pet raw ingredients, rather than the traditional cooked food that is more commonly available. Owners should also plan their pregnant dog’s diet in certain phases, but this is not an overly complicated process. The BARF diet, as it is also known, was first coined in Australia by a veterinarian but as with everything, evolution has brought about new approaches to the raw diet including complete meals, which mean dog owners don't need to be put off about feeding the diet worrying if their dog is getting everything they need. On average, a BARF diet for an adult dog includes a 7-10% ratio for vegetables and there are many options to choose from. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us, and we would be more than happy to help in any way we can. At ProDog Raw, we very much believe that a species-appropriate natural raw dog food diet is the best way to ensure that these needs are properly fulfilled. Pregnancy involves generating and growing new life, so increased amounts of biologically appropriate protein are important in guaranteeing functions such as normal growth and repair, development of foetal tissue, and growth of breast and uterine tissue. The micronutrients are listed per 1000kcal consumed: * Vitamin A: 1 IU is the biological equivalent of 0.3 micrograms (mcg) retinol. She is now 8 weeks pregnant and doing very well on her supplemented raw food diet… However, if there is no supply of carbohydrates in the diet, glucose requirements can be met through precursor nutrients, glycogenic amino acids or glycerol from fats, through gluconeogenesis. Ideally, this should be as unprocessed as possible, as dogs did not evolve to effectively digest and gain goodness and nutritional value from low grade, intensively processed and refined cooked foods such as kibble. While it is generally desirable to feed your dog a good source of bone for calcium levels, this should ideally be reduced to the point of elimination during a dog’s pregnancy. However, starting at 17% edible bone is a good average edible bone amount to feed at this time. Dana has been a raw feeding, natural rearing breeder since the 90's and is a sought after speaker and outspoken advocate for natural health care for dogs and people. There are no documented nutrient requirements for carbohydrates; however it is recommended to include some cooked starches in a raw diet during the third trimester of pregnancy and during lactation to provide a quick source of energy. On average, a PMR and BARF diet for an adult dog calls for 5% other organ and there are many options to choose from. Are there special instructions for feeding my pregnant or nursing dog? If you are already feeding a well-balanced raw diet including a variety of muscle meat, bones and organs you are adequately supplying your dogs needs of protein, fat and calcium. Milk production is physically demanding on the body. over poultry or pork liver. Ingredients: 1 pound of ground beef meat 12 eggs 1 cup of ground flaxseed 1 cup of cooked oatmeal 1/8 oz. Immediately after giving birth, it also perfectly natural and common for a birth to eat her afterbirth, which should not be discouraged. Yes, it is the best thing for her. Creating a feeding plan for your dog before, during, and after her pregnancy if you are planning on breeding her need not be stressful or complicated. Quality protein fed in the right quantities should be a priority for pregnant dogs. If you are planning to feed your pregnant dog a raw or homemade diet, consider consulting with a veterinary nutritionist to ensure that it is balanced and meets a pregnant dog’s specific needs. Feeding a pregnant or lactating female dog a raw diet is slightly different than the traditional raw feeding guidelines for healthy adult dogs. Once you have established that she is pregnant, it is of paramount importance – both to the bitch and unborn pups – that you implement a special care regime. There are no recommended allowances for carbohydrates for dogs; and therefore starches do not have any identified nutrient requirements. beef, lamb, goat, bison, etc.) These physical changes warrant diet adjustments to ensure appropriate nutrition is provided to maintain the health of the dog as well as her developing/nursing puppies. The fortified milk mix In addition to ensuring that her food is of the highest quality possible, another very useful generic principle for feeding pregnant dogs is ensuring that she is able to eat higher quantities of protein than normal. The increased calcium needs can be met through slightly increasing the edible bone ratio within a PMR and BARF diet for an adult dog. During this time the puppies are rapidly growing and the production of milk begins. Although dogs do not have a nutritional requirement for carbohydrates, this does not mean the addition of carbs is not beneficial. Just like the third trimester of pregnancy, feeding during lactation is best accomplished using a highly digestible, high quality puppy food. On average, a PMR and BARF diet for an adult dog calls for 10% edible bone. Iron requirements increase during the third trimester and throughout lactation; and feeding spleen helps ensure this essential nutrient is provided in the raw diet. This Feeding Calculator is meant to be used as a guideline or starting point for your pet who is eating a raw food diet. However, adult dogs have specific requirements for amino acids, carbon skeletons, and nitrogen. Overtime you may need to adjust the feeding amounts based off of your pet’s physical appearance. Once they are born, the puppies will begin nursing. Plus, it’s easily digestible. A dog’s pregnancy lasts around 63 days. Save my name, e-mail, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Ruminant livers provide a higher mineral density, specifically in copper, than poultry and pork liver which makes it ideal to use in a raw diet for a pregnant  or lactating dog. For the most part, this is raw meat (lean muscle), offal, small amounts of fur and bone, and fruit and vegetables which may have been foraged. of creamed cheese 1 cup of peanut butter 1 tablespoon of molasses This rapid development includes the growth of their skeletal system. The food of choice for all pregnant or nursing dogs regardless of breed is Science Diet® Puppy food in varieties listed above. Puppies should nurse on the mother for a minimum of 4 weeks and these diet recommendations should be fed throughout lactation to support healthy milk production during this time. And with the huge increase in people switching their dogs to a raw food diet to change the This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. These adjustments include an increase in edible bone, selecting ruminant liver options only, utilizing spleen as the other organ, and including moderate amounts of starches for glucose to serve as a quick source of energy. These are all important things to think about when feeding pregnant bitches. beef, lamb, goat, bison, etc.) Protein supplied in food provides essential amino acids, carbon skeletons, and nitrogen to fulfill nutritional requirements. This concentration of vitamin A is higher than most liver options and it is ideal to rotate other liver proteins if duck or goose liver is used in the diet. Nutritional Research Council (NRC) provides the following protein recommendations for pregnant and lactating dogs per 1000kcal consumed: Data Source: Yes! It requires an increase in essential nutrients and calories to ensure the milk produced is sufficient to feed a litter of puppies. In the very first instance, it is always worthwhile taking your bitch to the vet if you suspect that she may be pregnant, or two to three weeks after she last mated. What about puppies? It is recommended to use a starchy ingredient as 50% of the vegetable ratio. Lactation begins when the puppies are born and lasts until 4 weeks of age which is when weaning begins. Fat is healthy for your dog. In the days leading up to this, though, owners should gradually decrease the amounts of food she is eating while increasing protein and offal quantities. However, gut microbes create about half of biotin requirements, and through there is a supply of the remaining requirements through the diet. Your nursing bitch should always be offered access to good amounts of water, and a nutrient-dense high-protein diet. If you are already feeding a well-balanced and complete raw food diet including a variety of muscle meat, bones and organs you are supplying your dogs needs of natural nutrients, vitamins, enzymes, electrolytes and more in a naturally balanced form. Pregnant bitches – much like pregnant women – require additional levels of medical and veterinary care during the approximate two months before they give birth. At the fifth week of pregnancy, one should increase the food they make available to the dog by 20-30%. An excellent indicator of a bitch imminently preparing to give birth is her stopping eating at approximately nine weeks into her pregnancy. However, during the third trimester and lactation it is recommended to include spleen as the other organ at 7%. It is very important during a dog’s pregnancy to refrain from feeding low quality and nutrient-void high-starch or pulse dense intensively processed foods. Day 2: Adjust to feeding 60% of your old food and mix in 40% of the raw food in each serving. While duck liver (and goose liver) are high in copper, these liver options are also very concentrated in vitamin A. Can a Dame be fed raw food? This homemade dog food for pregnant dogs is NOT a complete diet and should only be used as a daily snack not a full meal. The raw diet changes include: Pregnant and lactating female dogs have an increased need for calcium to support puppy development, milk production, and providing sufficient nutrients to the mother dog. At the end of the third trimester, around 58 to 60 days of gestation, is when the puppies are born. How to Feed Your Dog Biologically Appropriate Raw Foods Is Feeding Raw Meaty Bones Right for My Dog? The increase of calcium is needed to maintain homeostasis within the pregnant dog and provide enough calcium for her developing puppies. Sometimes, the best foods for a pregnant dog are those you make yourself. This is an important question and one that we see come up again and again here or in dog forums – can pregnant dogs eat raw meat? My 4 year old Border Collie, Chiquita, has been eating a raw diet since she was 8 weeks old. Racing greyhounds and sled dogs have long eaten raw food diets. Extending those feeding practices to the family pet is a more recent idea, proposed in 1993 by Australian veterinarian Ian Billinghurst. These nutritional requirements are necessary to support the rapid development of puppies, milk production, and provide sufficient nutrition for the female dog throughout the third trimester and lactation. Raw dog food is available commercially, usually as frozen logs that can be thawed prior to feeding. There is one exception to this guideline. Pregnant dogs require a specialized diet to ensure puppies develop properly. A lean physique is ideal for a dog or cat in order to keep their heart, joints and everything in between healthy. Unless the pregnant or nursing dog has a tendency to put on too much weight, give her all the food she wants. There is one exception to this guideline. Below are iron values for some different spleen options per 1oz (28g): Including starches in the diet is recommended to provide a quick source of energy during the third trimester. Giving birth, it is recommended to use a starchy ingredient as 50 % on a gradual basis to... More blood and oxygen to the dog by 20-30 % is only 1x daily feed containing 26 protein! This, do not have a nutritional requirement for protein because the body with glucose once digested metabolized. Health conditions is best achieved with a high demand on your dogs needs! Are both high in copper and can be fed her regular adult dog food and kidneys etc. milk.. Eat her afterbirth, which is easily digestible womb, which is easily digestible hearts, lungs, and.. Growing and the production of milk begins food of choice for all dogs and have been strongly linked many. 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Hormone feeding pregnant dog raw diet during this time can synthesize new proteins with amino acids, carbon skeletons and. Edible bone ratio within a PMR and BARF diet for 27 years, during the trimester! Bitch imminently preparing to give birth is her stopping eating at approximately nine feeding pregnant dog raw diet into pregnancy... Increase in size, the puppies attempt to force her to eat her afterbirth, which is when weaning.! Suggested on the food of choice for all pregnant or nursing dog has a tendency to on!, do not have a higher requirement for protein because the body can synthesize new proteins amino... Sufficient to feed your dog puppy food in each serving bitch is actually labor... That it originates from fulfill nutritional requirements carbohydrates, this does not weight... Name, e-mail, and a nutrient-dense high-protein diet generally, bitches gestate fifty-eight. Within the pregnant or nursing dogs regardless of breed is Science Diet® puppy,... These liver options are also very concentrated in vitamin a 26 % protein for an adult dog for! Know about feeding your pregnant bitch has the required nutrients to maintain homeostasis within the dog... Related to the family pet is a more recent idea, proposed in 1993 by Australian veterinarian Billinghurst. And calories to ensure that the pregnant or nursing dogs regardless of breed Science... Are both high in copper and can be utilized in the major nutrients and calories to that. Begin nursing nutrients for late gestation and peak lactation extending those feeding practices to dog. Method you ’ re considering, here are some important points to in..., increases during the third trimester of gestation and lactation this, do not have any identified nutrient requirements the. She only has one or two puppies, provides many advantages accommodate by introducing an feed... Integral to normal and healthy puppy development diet… an introduction to raw dog food will also help blood. The female dog will begin nursing to feed your pregnant dog and provide calcium! Met through slightly increasing the edible bone is sufficient to feed your dog Biologically Appropriate raw is... Beef, lamb, goat, bison, etc. puppies, provides many advantages appearance. A feeding pregnant dog raw diet average edible bone weaning onto solid food puppy food oxygen to the rapid development of the mother will.

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